This section provides an overview for cabinet air conditioners as well as their applications and principles. Also, please take a look at the list of 9 cabinet air conditioner manufacturers and their company rankings.
Table of Contents
A cabinet air conditioner is a mechanical device used to cool the inside of an industrial control panel.
Industrial control panels contain heat-generating devices such as inverters and magnetic switches. If the number of control devices is small or the control panel is simple, it can be cooled by natural heat dissipation alone. However, when the number of heat-generating devices, such as inverters increases, natural heat dissipation will not be sufficient and the temperature inside the control panel will rise, possibly causing important electronic components to fail. Cabinet air conditioner is used to cool the inside of control panels and prevent the failure of electronic components.
Uses of cabinet air conditioners are to cool industrial control panels.
Industrial control panels are often used to control and supply power to high-pressure gas production facilities and hazardous material production facilities. Such control panels require particularly high reliability, since malfunctions can lead directly to explosions and fires.
Programmable controllers, which are often used in industrial control panels, have a specified operating temperature range of 0 to 105°F. If the temperature exceeds this level, reliability cannot be guaranteed, so a cabinet air conditioners are used to maintain a constant temperature.
There are three main types of cabinet air conditioners. They are cooling fan type, heat exchanger type, and cooler type.
The cooling fan type is a method of cooling by opening an air supply port in the control panel and introducing outside air using a cooling fan. It is the least expensive type, has excellent cooling performance, and is widely used in industrial equipment. The disadvantage is that the introduction of outside air may cause dust in the panel. To prevent dust, a filter is installed at the air supply port, but periodic cleaning and replacement are required.
The heat exchanger type is divided into a heat exchanger, an internal air fan, and an external air fan. The inside air fan circulates air inside the control panel, and the outside air fan cools the inside of the control panel by exchanging heat between the inside and outside air. This type requires a heat exchanger, is more expensive than the cooling fan type, and has an inferior cooling capacity. On the other hand, since it does not introduce outside air, it is relatively easy to maintain.
The cooler types are cabinet air conditioners with refrigerant and compressor, similar to a home air conditioner. The mechanism is similar to that of the heat exchanger type, but the refrigerant is compressed and opened to further increase the cooling capacity. Compared to the above two types, however, this type is by far the most expensive and requires specialized knowledge for maintenance and inspection. In addition, if the CFC is used as the refrigerant, it is treated as a Class 1 Specified Product, and a simple inspection is required by law every three months.
*Including some distributors, etc.
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